Gathering Four

Spirit of the Island:  Manitoulin’s People
Stories of Indigenous – Settler Historical Dynamics

Gathering Four - Pamela McLaughlin          status quo ante bellum

Author’s Notes: Rhonda L. Paulsen


- Peace and Friendship (Wampum)
- Pre-Confederation (Upper Canada)
- Post-Confederation (Numbered)
- Modern (Land Claims - Nunavut)
- Metis of Ontario
- The Manitoulin Treaty and Forced Relocation


kina-gegoo ezhi-naasaabseg

Rassemblement quatre – Pamela McLaughlin          status quo ante bellum

Notes de l’auteur : Rhonda L. Paulsen

Les traités :

- Paix et amitié (le wampum)
- Avant la Confédération (le Haut-Canada)
- Après la Confédération (les traités numérotés)
- Période moderne (les revendications territoriales le Nunavut)
- La Nation métisse de l’Ontario
- Le traité Manitoulin et le déplacement forcé




Dominion Bay
- photo by E. J. Thipphawong


                                “If you have come here to help me, you are wasting your time.
                          But if you have come because your liberation is bound up with mine,
                                                            then let us work together.”

                                                                                 Lilla Watson, Indigenous Australian (Gangulu) educator and artist


Learning Outcomes ~ upon completion of this gathering, the student will be able to…

1. Understand the treaty process, including implications for the present and future.

2. Apply relevant information to solve problems and make effective decisions.

3. Examine the assimilation and displacement of First Nations, Metis, and Inuit in Canada.